Exploring Kochi: Culture, Customs & Festivals

Exploring Kochi: Culture, Customs & Festivals


Welcome to Kochi, a vibrant city located in the southern state of Kerala, India. Kochi, also known as Cochin, is a coastal city that has been an important trading hub for centuries. With its rich history, diverse culture, and stunning natural beauty, Kochi offers a unique experience for travelers.


Kochi is a melting pot of different cultures and religions, which is reflected in its architecture, cuisine, and traditions. The major communities in Kochi include Malayalis, Christians, Muslims, and Jews. The city is known for its harmonious coexistence of various cultures.

The traditional art forms of Kochi, such as Kathakali and Mohiniyattam, showcase the state's rich cultural heritage. Kathakali is a classical dance drama characterized by its elaborate costumes, dramatic makeup, and expressive gestures. Mohiniyattam, on the other hand, is a graceful dance form performed by women, known for its gentle movements and storytelling.

Musical traditions like Carnatic music and Malayalam folk songs are also cherished in Kochi. The city's traditional festivals provide an opportunity to witness these cultural performances firsthand.


Kochi's customs and traditions are deeply rooted in its religious and cultural practices. The people of Kochi are known for their warmth, hospitality, and respect for traditions.

One of the most important customs in Kochi is the Onam festival, which celebrates the homecoming of the mythical King Mahabali. During this festival, people decorate their homes with flower carpets, participate in traditional games, and enjoy a grand feast called Onasadya.

Another prominent cultural practice in Kochi is the ayurvedic treatment, which is a traditional system of medicine originating from Kerala. Many tourists visit Kochi to experience the healing benefits of ayurveda, including rejuvenation therapies, massages, and herbal treatments.

The cuisine of Kochi is another integral part of its customs. The city is famous for its delicious seafood, coconut-based curries, and traditional snacks like banana chips and kappa (tapioca) biryani.


Kochi is known for its vibrant festivals that offer a glimpse into the city's cultural diversity and religious traditions. Here are some of the most celebrated festivals in Kochi:

  1. Kochi-Muziris Biennale: This is an international art exhibition that takes place every two years and attracts artists and art enthusiasts from around the world. It showcases a wide range of contemporary artworks, installations, and performances.
  2. Onam: As mentioned earlier, Onam is one of the most important festivals in Kochi. It is a ten-day harvest festival that celebrates Kerala's agrarian culture and mythology. The main attractions during Onam include boat races, cultural performances, and traditional rituals.
  3. Christmas: Kochi has a significant Christian population, and Christmas is celebrated with great enthusiasm. The city is adorned with lights and decorations, and churches conduct midnight masses and cultural programs.
  4. Jewish Festivals: Kochi is home to one of the oldest Jewish communities in India, known as the Malabar Jews. The Jewish festivals of Passover and Hanukkah are celebrated with religious ceremonies and traditional Jewish dishes.
  5. Vishu: Vishu is the Malayalam New Year and is celebrated with much fervor in Kochi. The day starts with Vishukkani, where a tray with auspicious items like rice, fruits, and flowers is arranged. People also burst firecrackers and prepare a special feast.

These festivals offer a unique opportunity to immerse yourself in the vibrant culture and traditions of Kochi.

Getting Around Kochi

Kochi has a well-developed transportation system that allows visitors to explore the city and its surrounding areas easily. Here are some options for getting around Kochi:

  • Auto Rickshaws: Auto rickshaws are a convenient and affordable way to travel short distances within the city. Make sure to negotiate the fare before getting on board.
  • Taxis: Taxis are available throughout the city and are a comfortable mode of transportation. You can either book a taxi through a mobile app or find them at designated taxi stands.
  • Buses: Kochi has a well-connected network of buses that cover the major areas of the city. AC and non-AC buses are available, offering a budget-friendly way to travel around.
  • Ferries: Kochi is a city of islands and can be explored by taking the local ferries. The ferry service connects various parts of the city, including Fort Kochi, Willingdon Island, and Vypin Island.
  • Bicycles: Renting a bicycle is a popular way to explore Kochi, especially Fort Kochi, which has narrow streets and beautiful colonial architecture.

These transportation options provide flexibility and convenience for travelers to navigate Kochi's bustling streets and scenic landscapes.


Kochi is a city that seamlessly blends the old and the new, offering a unique cultural experience to its visitors. From its traditional art forms and customs to its vibrant festivals and delicious cuisine, Kochi has something for everyone. So pack your bags, and get ready to explore the beauty of Kochi!