City Guide: Asmara - Exploring Eritrea's Capital

City Guide: Asmara - Exploring Eritrea's Capital

City Guide: Asmara - Exploring Eritrea's Capital

Asmara is the capital city of Eritrea, a country located in the Horn of Africa. Known for its stunning architecture, rich history, and vibrant culture, Asmara is a must-visit destination for travelers seeking to explore this unique part of the world. With its pleasant climate, friendly locals, and a variety of attractions, there is plenty to see and do in Asmara.

Getting Around

Getting around Asmara is relatively easy and can be done by foot, taxi, or bus. The city center is compact and pedestrian-friendly, making it perfect for leisurely strolls. Taxis are plentiful and can be hired for a reasonable price. Buses also operate within the city, providing a convenient and inexpensive way to travel longer distances.


Asmara is home to numerous attractions that showcase its unique history and culture. Here are some must-visit places:

1. Fiat Tagliero Building

The Fiat Tagliero Building is an iconic architectural masterpiece designed by Italian engineer Giuseppe Pettazzi. Built in the 1930s, this futuristic structure resembles an airplane ready for takeoff. Visitors can explore the interior and enjoy panoramic views of the city from the rooftop terrace.

2. Asmara Cathedral

Also known as the Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Assumption, this beautiful Catholic church is a prominent landmark in Asmara. Its striking fa├žade, adorned with intricate sculptures and stained glass windows, is a marvel to behold. Inside, visitors can admire the grand interior and attend religious services.

3. National Museum of Eritrea

The National Museum of Eritrea is a treasure trove of Eritrean history and culture. Exhibits include archaeological artifacts, traditional art, and ethnographic displays. Visitors can learn about the country's ancient civilization, colonial era, and struggle for independence.

4. Liberation Avenue

Liberation Avenue is the main street in Asmara, lined with charming cafes, restaurants, and shops. Taking a leisurely stroll along this bustling boulevard is a great way to experience the city's vibrant atmosphere and admire the beautiful architecture of the surrounding buildings.

Cultural Experiences

Exploring the culture of Asmara is an essential part of any visit. Here are some activities to immerse yourself in the local way of life:

1. Local Markets

Visit the local markets such as the Medeber Market to experience the bustling atmosphere and find unique souvenirs. Here you can interact with friendly vendors, sample local produce, and browse a wide array of traditional handicrafts.

2. Coffee Ceremony

Participate in a traditional Eritrean coffee ceremony, where coffee beans are roasted, ground, and brewed in front of you. This ritual is a symbol of hospitality and community in Eritrea, and you can enjoy the rich and flavorful coffee while engaging in conversations with locals.

3. Eritrean Cuisine

Savor the flavors of Eritrean cuisine by trying local dishes such as injera (a sourdough flatbread) served with various stews and grilled meats. There are numerous restaurants and cafes in Asmara where you can sample authentic Eritrean delicacies.

Day Trips

While in Asmara, consider taking day trips to explore the surrounding areas:

1. Massawa

A coastal city located about 120 kilometers northeast of Asmara, Massawa is known for its beautiful beaches, lively markets, and well-preserved Ottoman-era architecture. Take a ferry ride to explore the nearby islands and enjoy the sun and sea.

2. Asmara-Debresina Railway

Ride the historic Asmara-Debresina railway, a UNESCO World Heritage site. This narrow-gauge railway offers scenic views of the Eritrean countryside and takes you through tunnels and over bridges, providing a unique and nostalgic travel experience.

3. Danakil Depression

For adventure seekers, a visit to the Danakil Depression is a must. Located in the northeastern part of the country, this surreal landscape features colorful mineral deposits, active volcanoes, and salt flats. It is truly a geological wonder.


Asmara, with its captivating architecture, rich history, and vibrant culture, offers a unique travel experience. Whether you are exploring the city's landmarks, immersing yourself in the local culture, or embarking on day trips to nearby attractions, a visit to Asmara promises to be unforgettable. So pack your bags, and get ready to explore the wonders of Eritrea's capital!